Optical solitons in PT-symmetric nonlinear couplers with gain and loss

N. V. Alexeeva*, I. V. Barashenkov, Andrey A. Sukhorukov, Yuri S. Kivshar

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    208 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    We study spatial and temporal solitons in the PT symmetric coupler with gain in one waveguide and loss in the other. Stability properties of the high- and low-frequency solitons are found to be completely determined by a single combination of the soliton's amplitude and the gain-loss coefficient of the waveguides. The unstable perturbations of the high-frequency soliton break the symmetry between its active and lossy components which results in a blowup of the soliton or a formation of a long-lived breather state. The unstable perturbations of the low-frequency soliton separate its two components in space, thereby blocking the power drainage of the active component and cutting the power supply to the lossy one. Eventually this also leads to the blowup or breathing.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number063837
    JournalPhysical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics
    Volume85
    Issue number6
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 28 Jun 2012

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