Phase-Only Tuning of Extreme Huygens Metasurfaces Enabled by Optical Anisotropy

Ziwei Yang, Mingkai Liu, Andrei Komar, Lei Xu, Dragomir N. Neshev*

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    19 Citations (Scopus)


    Pure phase modulation of light is vital for a number of optical devices such as spatial light modulators and beam steering in light detection and ranging (LIDAR) technologies. Tunable metasurfaces have recently provided a feasible alternative to existing technologies, allowing for ultra-high miniaturisation while enabling high transmission efficiency and tunability under small external stimuli. However, despite the recent advances in the field, no pure phase tuning has been demonstrated in transmissive devices, for example, any implementation of continuous phase tuning is accompanied by sizable amplitude modulation or low efficiency. Here, it is shown that the optical anisotropy of the surrounding material can enable phase-only tuning of optical metasurfaces in the full 2π range with unitary efficiency over a sizable bandwidth. A practical implementation of this concept based on a liquid-crystal infiltrated metasurface operating in the regime of extreme Huygens condition is further proposed. In this way, the full 2π phase-only tunability in transmission can be enabled by controlling bias voltage and temperature variation of the surrounding liquid crystal.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number2101893
    JournalAdvanced Optical Materials
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - 18 Jan 2022


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