Phytopathogen emergence in the genomics era

Elisha Thynne, Megan C. McDonald, Peter S. Solomon*

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

    25 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Phytopathogens are a global threat to plant agriculture and biodiversity. The genomics era has lead to an exponential rise in comparative gene and genome studies of both economically significant and insignificant microorganisms. In this review we highlight some recent comparisons and discuss how they identify shared genes or genomic regions associated with host virulence. The two major mechanisms of rapid genome adaptation - horizontal gene transfer and hybridisation - are reviewed and we consider how intra-specific pan-genome sequences encode alternative host specificity. We also discuss the power that access to expansive gene databases provides in aiding the study of phytopathogen emergence. These databases can rapidly enable the identification of an unknown pathogen and its origin, as well as genomic adaptations required for emergence.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)246-255
    Number of pages10
    JournalTrends in Plant Science
    Volume20
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2015

    Fingerprint

    Dive into the research topics of 'Phytopathogen emergence in the genomics era'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this