Plutonium from global fallout recorded in an ice core from the Belukha Glacier, Siberian Altai

Susanne Olivier, Sixto Bajo, L. Keith Fifield, Heinz W. Gäggeler, Tatyana Papina, Peter H. Santschi, Ulrich Schotterer, Margit Schwikowski*, Lukas Wacker

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    61 Citations (Scopus)


    Ice cores from glaciers situated near anthropogenic sources of air pollution provide important archives of the emissions of species with short atmospheric lifetimes. Here we present the history of atmospheric Pu fallout reconstructed from an ice core from the Belukha glacier in the Siberian Altai. Fourteen ice core samples covering the time period 1941-1986 were selected for Pu analysis, chemically processed, and measured using accelerator mass spectrometry. The Pu concentration peaks in 1963, coinciding with the maximum of the nuclear weapons tests and in concordance with the 3H activity concentration peak. The shapes of the 239Pu and 3H profiles reflect two main periods of atmospheric nuclear test activity: premoratorium testing before 1958 and postmoratorium testing in 1961 and 1962. Premoratorium tests contribute about 45% of the integrated Pu inventory. The average 240Pu/239Pu isotopic ratio is 0.18 ± 0.05, indicating that a large majority of the Pu in the Belukha glacier originates from global stratospheric fallout rather than from direct tropospheric input.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)6507-6512
    Number of pages6
    JournalEnvironmental Science and Technology
    Issue number24
    Publication statusPublished - 15 Dec 2004


    Dive into the research topics of 'Plutonium from global fallout recorded in an ice core from the Belukha Glacier, Siberian Altai'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this