Potential implications for epigenetic regulation of carotenoid biosynthesis during root and shoot development

Christopher Ian Cazzonelli, Kuide Yin, Barry J. Pogson

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    20 Citations (Scopus)


    Major regulators of carotenoid biosynthesis have remained rather elusive even though the flux through the branch in the carotenoid pathway can affect plant development in response to environmental stimuli, such as light. Our recent investigations demonstrated that the production of the most abundant carotenoid in plants, lutein, is regulated by carotenoid isomerase (CRTISO) activity at a rate-limiting step of this branch point in carotenoid biosynthesis. CRTISO is required to isomerase ciscarotenes, such as tetra-cis-lycopene to all-trans-lycopene. In order to maintain permissive transcriptional regulation of CRTISO, active marks of histone lysine methylation are targeted to the promoter region by the SET DOMAIN GROUP8 (SDG8) methyltransferase. Mutants of SDG8 (ccr1) and CRTISO (ccr2) show an increase in shoot branching, which may be partly explained by limiting synthesis of the carotenoid-derived branching hormone, strigolactone. In this addendum, we demonstrate new functions for SDG8 in mediating branching in Arabidopsis roots. The roles that carotenoids and SDG8 play in root and shoot development begins to open new doors for investigating the regulation of carotenoid composition in response to epigenetic events.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)339-341
    Number of pages3
    JournalPlant Signaling and Behavior
    Issue number4
    Publication statusPublished - Apr 2009


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