Protein tyrosine phosphatase PTPN22 negatively modulates platelet function and thrombus formation

Xiamin Wang, Guangyu Wei, Yangyang Ding, Xiang Gui, Huan Tong, Xiaoqi Xu*, Sixuan Zhang, Zengtian Sun, Wen Ju, Yue Li, Ruosi Yao, Qingyu Wu, Zhihao Lu, Chunling Fu, Zhenyu Li, Si Zhang, Elizabeth E. Gardiner, Robert K. Andrews, Hu Hu, Lingyu ZengKailin Xu, Jianlin Qiao

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Protein tyrosine phosphatase nonreceptor type 22 (PTPN22) is a protein tyrosine phosphatase that negatively regulates T-cell signaling. However, whether it is expressed and functions in platelets remains unknown. Here we investigated the expression and role of PTPN22 in platelet function. We reported PTPN22 expression in both human and mouse platelets. Using PTPN22−/− mice, we showed that PTPN22 deficiency significantly shortened tail-bleeding time and accelerated arterial thrombus formation without affecting venous thrombosis and the coagulation factors VIII and IX. Consistently, PTPN22-deficient platelets exhibited enhanced platelet aggregation, granule secretion, calcium mobilization, lamellipodia formation, spreading, and clot retraction. Quantitative phosphoproteomic analysis revealed the significant difference of phosphodiesterase 5A (PDE5A) phosphorylation in PTPN22-deficient platelets compared with wild-type platelets after collagen-related peptide stimulation, which was confirmed by increased PDE5A phosphorylation (Ser92) in collagen-related peptide–treated PTPN22-deficient platelets, concomitant with reduced level and vasodilator-stimulated phosphoprotein phosphorylation (Ser157/239). In addition, PTPN22 interacted with phosphorylated PDE5A (Ser92) and dephosphorylated it in activated platelets. Moreover, purified PTPN22 but not the mutant form (C227S) possesses intrinsic serine phosphatase activity. Furthermore, inhibition of PTPN22 enhanced human platelet aggregation, spreading, clot retraction, and increased PDE5A phosphorylation (Ser92). In conclusion, our study shows a novel role of PTPN22 in platelet function and arterial thrombosis, identifying new potential targets for future prevention of thrombotic or cardiovascular diseases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1038-1051
Number of pages14
JournalBlood
Volume140
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2022

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Protein tyrosine phosphatase PTPN22 negatively modulates platelet function and thrombus formation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this