Quantum Hall phases emerging from atom–photon interactions

Alexander V. Poshakinskiy, Janet Zhong, Yongguan Ke, Nikita A. Olekhno, Chaohong Lee, Yuri S. Kivshar*, Alexander N. Poddubny*

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    26 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    We reveal the emergence of quantum Hall phases, topological edge states, spectral Landau levels, and Hofstadter butterfly spectra in the two-particle Hilbert space of an array of periodically spaced two-level atoms coupled to a waveguide (waveguide quantum electrodynamics). While the topological edge states of photons require fine-tuned spatial or temporal modulations of the parameters to generate synthetic magnetic fields and the quantum Hall effect, here we demonstrate that a synthetic magnetic field can be self-induced solely by atom–photon interactions. The fact that topological order can be self-induced in what is arguably the simplest possible quantum structure shows the richness of these waveguide quantum electrodynamics systems. We believe that our findings will advance several research disciplines including quantum optics, many-body physics, and nonlinear topological photonics, and that it will set an important reference point for the future experiments on qubit arrays and quantum simulators.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number34
    Journalnpj Quantum Information
    Volume7
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Dec 2021

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