Radio and gamma-ray constraints on dark matter annihilation in the Galactic center

R. M. Crocker, N. F. Bell, C. Balázs, D. I. Jones

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

55 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We determine upper limits on the dark matter (DM) self-annihilation cross section for scenarios in which annihilation leads to the production of electron-positron pairs. In the Galactic center, relativistic electrons and positrons produce a radio flux via synchroton emission, and a gamma-ray flux via bremsstrahlung and inverse Compton scattering. On the basis of archival, interferometric and single-dish radio data, we have determined the radio spectrum of an elliptical region around the Galactic center of extent 3° semimajor axis (along the Galactic plane) and 1° semiminor axis and a second, rectangular region, also centered on the Galactic center, of extent 1.6°×0.6°. The radio spectra of both regions are nonthermal over the range of frequencies for which we have data: 74 MHz-10 GHz. We also consider gamma-ray data covering the same region from the EGRET instrument (about GeV) and from HESS (around TeV). We show how the combination of these data can be used to place robust constraints on DM annihilation scenarios, in a way which is relatively insensitive to assumptions about the magnetic field amplitude in this region. Our results are approximately an order of magnitude more constraining than existing Galactic center radio and gamma-ray limits. For a DM mass of mχ=10GeV, and an Navarro-Frank-White profile, we find σA v ≤ few×10-25cm3s-1.

Original languageEnglish
Article number063516
JournalPhysical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology
Volume81
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 12 Mar 2010
Externally publishedYes

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