RadioAstron Science Program Five Years after Launch: Main Science Results

N. S. Kardashev*, A. V. Alakoz, A. S. Andrianov, M. I. Artyukhov, W. Baan, V. E. Babyshkin, N. Bartel, O. S. Bayandina, I. E. Val’tts, P. A. Voitsik, A. Z. Vorobyov, C. Gwinn, J. L. Gomez, G. Giovannini, D. Jauncey, M. Johnson, H. Imai, Y. Y. Kovalev, S. E. Kurtz, M. M. LisakovA. P. Lobanov, V. A. Molodtsov, B. S. Novikov, A. V. Pogodin, M. V. Popov, A. S. Privesenzev, A. G. Rudnitski, G. M. Rudnitski, T. Savolainen, T. V. Smirnova, A. M. Sobolev, V. A. Soglasnov, K. V. Sokolovsky, E. N. Filippova, V. V. Khartov, M. E. Churikova, A. E. Shirshakov, V. I. Shishov, P. Edwards

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    26 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The RadioAstron ground-space interferometer provides the highest angular resolution achieved now in astronomy. The detection of interferometric fringes from quasars with this angular resolution on baselines of 100–200 thousand km suggests the brightness temperatures which exceed the Compton limit by two orders of magnitude. Polarimetric measurements on ground-space baselines have revealed fine structure testifying to recollimation shocks on scales of 100–250 μas and a helical magnetic field near the base of radio emission in BL Lacertae. Substructure within a the scattering disk of pulsar emission on interferometer baselines (from 60000 to 250000 km) was discovered. This substructure is produced by action of the interstellar interferometer with an effective baseline of about 1 AU and the effective angular resolution of better than 1 μas. Diameters of scattering disks were measured for several pulsars, and distances to diffusing screens were evaluated. The ground-space observations of sources of the maser radiation in lines of water and hydroxyl have shown that the maser sources in star-forming regions remain unresolved on baselines, which considerably exceed the Earth diameter. These very compact and bright features with angular sizes of about 20–60 μas correspond to linear sizes of about 5–10 million km (several solar diameters).

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)535-554
    Number of pages20
    JournalSolar System Research
    Volume51
    Issue number7
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2017

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