Regulation of photosynthetic light harvesting involves intrathylakoid lumen pH sensing by the PsbS protein

Xiao Ping Li, Adam M. Gilmore, Stefano Caffarri, Roberto Bassi, Talila Golan, David Kramer, Krishna K. Niyogi*

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    444 Citations (Scopus)


    The biochemical, biophysical, and physiological properties of the PsbS protein were studied in relation to mutations of two symmetry-related, lumen-exposed glutamate residues, Glu-122 and Glu-226. These two glutamates are targets for protonation during lumen acidification in excess light. Mutation of PsbS did not affect xanthophyll cycle pigment conversion or pool size. Plants containing PsbS mutations of both glutamates did not have any rapidly inducible nonphotochemical quenching (qE) and had similar chlorophyll fluorescence lifetime components as npq4-1, a psbS deletion mutant. The double mutant also lacked a characteristic leaf absorbance change at 535 nm (ΔA 535), and PsbS from these plants did not bind dicyclohexylcarbodiimide (DCCD), a known inhibitor of qE. Mutation of only one of the glutamates had intermediate effects on qE, chlorophyll fluorescence lifetime component amplitudes, DCCD binding, and ΔA535. Little if any differences were observed comparing the two single mutants, suggesting that the glutamates are chemically and functionally equivalent. Based on these results a bifacial model for the functional interaction of PsbS with photosystem II is proposed. Furthermore, based on the extent of qE inhibition in the mutants, photochemical and nonphotochemical quenching processes of photosystem II were associated with distinct chlorophyll fluorescence lifetime distribution components.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)22866-22874
    Number of pages9
    JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
    Issue number22
    Publication statusPublished - 28 May 2004


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