Relativistic jet feedback - III. Feedback on gas discs

Dipanjan Mukherjee*, Geoffrey V. Bicknell, Alexander Y. Wagner, Ralph S. Sutherland, Joseph Silk

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    149 Citations (Scopus)


    We study the interactions of a relativistic jet with a dense turbulent gaseous disc of radius ~2 kpc. We have performed a suite of simulations with different mean density, jet power, and orientation. Our results show that: (A) The relativistic jet couples strongly with the gas in the inner kpc, creating a cavity and launching outflows. (B) The high pressure bubble inflated by the jet and its back-flow compresses the disc at the outer edges, driving inflows within the disc. (C) Jets inclined towards the disc affect the disc more and launch sub-relativistic, wide-angled outflows along the minor axis. (D) Shocks driven directly by the jet and the jet-driven energy bubble raise the velocity dispersion throughout the disc by several times its initial value. (E) Compression by the jet-driven shocks can enhance the star formation rate in the disc, especially in a ring-like geometry close to the axis. However, enhanced turbulent dispersion in the disc also leads to quenching of star formation. Whether positive or negative feedback dominates depends on jet power, ISM density, jet orientation with respect to the disc, and the time-scale under consideration. Qualitatively, our simulations compare favourably with kinematic and morphological signatures of several observed galaxies such as NGC 1052, NGC 3079, 3C 326, and 3C 293.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)5544-5566
    Number of pages23
    JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
    Issue number4
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2018


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