Reversible Image Contrast Manipulation with Thermally Tunable Dielectric Metasurfaces

Khosro Zangeneh Kamali, Lei Xu, Jonathan Ward, Kai Wang, Guixin Li, Andrey E. Miroshnichenko, Dragomir Neshev, Mohsen Rahmani*

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    43 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Increasing demand for higher resolution of miniaturized displays requires techniques achieving high contrast tunability of the images. Employing metasurfaces for image contrast manipulation is a new and rapidly growing field of research aiming to address this need. Here, a new technique to achieve image tuning in a reversible fashion is demonstrated by dielectric metasurfaces composed of subwavelength resonators. It is demonstrated that by controlling the temperature of a metasurface the encoded transmission pattern can be tuned. To this end, two sets of nanoresonators composed of nonconcentric silicon disks with a hole that exhibit spectrally sharp Fano resonances and forming a Yin-Yang pattern are designed and fabricated. Through exploitation of the thermo-optical properties of silicon, full control of the contrast of the Yin-Yang image is demonstrated by altering the metasurface temperature by ΔT ≈ 100 °C. This is the first demonstrated technique to control an image contrast by temperature. Importantly, the turning technique does not require manipulating the external stimulus, such as polarization or angle of the illumination and/or the refractive index of this environment. These results open many opportunities for transparent displays, optical switches, and tunable illumination systems.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number1805142
    JournalSmall
    Volume15
    Issue number15
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 12 Apr 2019

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