Robust control design for automatic regulation of blood pressure

Nicolò Malagutti*, Arvin Dehghani, Rodney Andrew Kennedy

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    26 Citations (Scopus)


    The problem of automatic administration of vasoactive drugs to a patient can be treated as a regulation problem of a system, which is characterised by large parametric uncertainty, non-Gaussian disturbances and unmodelled dynamics, yet carries strict requirements in terms of robustness and performance. A number of approaches have been proposed in the past to tackle this problem, particularly for the postoperative management of blood pressure in cardiac surgery patients. We describe the design of a robust multiple-model adaptive control (RMMAC) architecture and investigate whether this can overcome some issues observed with earlier methods. Key features of RMMAC are robust optimal controller design using an iterative μ synthesis algorithm and improved system estimation. Simulation results indicate that RMMAC is capable of avoiding transient instability and delivering performance in the face of significant parameter changes over time and large disturbances including non-zero-mean signals. The findings support further research into RMMAC as a potentially viable approach to the design of safer automatic closed-loop drug administration technologies capable of operating under challenging clinical conditions such as may arise in an intraoperative setting.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)387-396
    Number of pages10
    JournalIET Control Theory and Applications
    Issue number3
    Publication statusPublished - 2013


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