Screening methods for linear errors-in-variables models in high dimensions

Linh H. Nghiem*, Francis K.C. Hui, Samuel Müller, A. H. Welsh

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    2 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Microarray studies, in order to identify genes associated with an outcome of interest, usually produce noisy measurements for a large number of gene expression features from a small number of subjects. One common approach to analyzing such high-dimensional data is to use linear errors-in-variables (EIV) models; however, current methods for fitting such models are computationally expensive. In this paper, we present two efficient screening procedures, namely, corrected penalized marginal screening (PMSc) and corrected sure independence screening (SISc), to reduce the number of variables for final model building. Both screening procedures are based on fitting corrected marginal regression models relating the outcome to each contaminated covariate separately, which can be computed efficiently even with a large number of features. Under mild conditions, we show that these procedures achieve screening consistency and reduce the number of features substantially, even when the number of covariates grows exponentially with sample size. In addition, if the true covariates are weakly correlated, we show that PMSc can achieve full variable selection consistency. Through a simulation study and an analysis of gene expression data for bone mineral density of Norwegian women, we demonstrate that the two new screening procedures make estimation of linear EIV models computationally scalable in high-dimensional settings, and improve finite sample estimation and selection performance compared with estimators that do not employ a screening stage.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)926-939
    Number of pages14
    JournalBiometrics
    Volume79
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Jun 2023

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