Sensitivity of Marine Heatwave Metrics to Ocean Model Resolution

Gabriela S. Pilo*, Neil J. Holbrook, Andrew E. Kiss, Andrew Mc C. Hogg

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    45 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Sustained extreme temperature events in the ocean, referred to as marine heatwaves (MHWs), generate substantial ecological, social, and economic impacts. Ocean models provide insights to the drivers, persistence, and dissipation of MHWs. However, the sensitivity of MHW metrics to ocean model resolution is unknown. Here, we analyze global MHW metrics in three configurations of a global ocean-sea ice model at coarse (1°), eddy-permitting (0.25°), and eddy-rich (0.1°) resolutions. We show that all configurations qualitatively represent broad-scale global patterns of MHWs. These simulated MHWs are, however, weaker, longer-lasting, and less frequent than in observations. The 0.1° configuration, despite local biases, performs best both globally and regionally. Based on these results, model projections of future MHW metrics using coarse-resolution models are expected to be biased toward weaker and less frequent MHWs, when compared with results using an eddy-rich model.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)14604-14612
    Number of pages9
    JournalGeophysical Research Letters
    Volume46
    Issue number24
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 28 Dec 2019

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