Size-controllable synthesis of bare gold nanoparticles by femtosecond laser fragmentation in water

Ksenia Maximova, Andrei Aristov, Marc Sentis, Andrei V. Kabashin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

95 Citations (Scopus)


We report a size-controllable synthesis of stable aqueous solutions of ultrapure low-size-dispersed Au nanoparticles by methods of femtosecond laser fragmentation from preliminary formed colloids. Such approach makes possible the tuning of mean nanoparticle size between a few nm and several tens of nm under the size dispersion lower than 70% by varying the fluence of pumping radiation during the fragmentation procedure. The efficient size control is explained by 3D geometry of laser fragmentation by femtosecond laser-induced white light super-continuum and plasma-related phenomena. Despite the absence of any protective ligands, the nanoparticle solutions demonstrate exceptional stability due to electric repulsion effect associated with strong negative charging of formed nanoparticles. Stable aqueous solutions of bare gold nanoparticles present a unique object with a variety of potential applications in catalysis, surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy, photovoltaics, biosensing and biomedicine.

Original languageEnglish
Article number065601
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 13 Feb 2015
Externally publishedYes


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