Sn-wave velocity structure of the uppermost mantle beneath the Australian continent

Zhi Wei*, Brian L.N. Kennett, Weijia Sun

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    11 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    We have extracted a data set of more than 5000 Sn traveltimes for source-station pairs within continental Australia,with 3-D source relocation using Pn arrivals to improve data consistency. We conduct tomographic inversion for S-wave-speed structure down to 100 km using the Fast Marching Tomography (FMTOMO)method for the whole Australian continent.We obtain a 3- Dmodel with potential resolution of 3.0° ×3.0°. The newS-wave-speed model provides strong constraints on structure in a zone that was previously poorly characterized. The S velocities in the uppermost mantle are rather fast, with patterns of variation generally corresponding to those for Pn. We find strong heterogeneities of S wave speed in the uppermost mantle across the entire continent of Australia with a close relation to crustal geological features. For instance, the cratons in the western Australia usually have high S velocities (> 4.70 km s-1), while the volcanic regions on the eastern margin of Australia are characterized by low S velocities (< 4.40 km s-1). Exploiting an equivalent Pn inversion, we also determine the Vp/Vs ratios across the whole continent. We find that most of the uppermost mantle has Vp/Vs between 1.65 and 1.85, but with patches in central Australia and in the east with much higher Vp/Vs ratios. Distinctive local anomalies on the eastern margin may indicate the positions of remnants of mantle plumes.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)2071-2084
    Number of pages14
    JournalGeophysical Journal International
    Volume213
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2018

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