Some problems in the typology of quotation: A canonical approach

Nicholas Evans*

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

    24 Citations (Scopus)


    The complexity of representing the words and thoughts of others and relating them to the perspective of ourselves and our interlocutors lies at the heart of our ability to coordinate, distinguish, and calibrate the jostling versions of a partly shared social world. The chapter provides a canonical typology of different types of quotation. There are three canonical types: direct speech, calculated from the primary speech event; indirect speech, calculated from the reported speech event; biperspectival speech, calculated from both perspectives at once. But the number of possibilities between these ideals is immense. Canonical Typology allows us to distinguish a much richer set of possibilities within the large and confusingly labelled set of 'semi-direct' and 'semi-indirect' phenomena.

    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationCanonical Morphology and Syntax
    PublisherOxford University Press
    ISBN (Electronic)9780191746154
    ISBN (Print)9780199604326
    Publication statusPublished - 8 Nov 2012


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