Spatial and developmental differentiation of Mannitol dehydrogenase and Mannitol-1-phosphate dehydrogenase in Aspergillus niger

Guillermo Aguilar-Osorio, Patricia A. van Kuyk, Bernhard Seiboth, Dirk Blom, Peter S. Solomon, Arman Vinck, Frits Kindt, Han A.B. Wösten, Ronald P. de Vries

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    20 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The presence of a mannitol cycle in fungi has been subject to discussion for many years. Recent studies have found no evidence for the presence of this cycle and its putative role in regenerating NADPH. However, all enzymes of the cycle could be measured in cultures of Aspergillus niger. In this study we have analyzed the localization of two enzymes from the pathway, mannitol dehydrogenase and mannitol-1-phosphate dehydrogenase, and the expression of their encoding genes in nonsporulating and sporulating cultures of A. niger. Northern analysis demonstrated that mpdA was expressed in both sporulating and nonsporulating mycelia, while expression of mtdA was expressed only in sporulating mycelium. More detailed studies using green fluorescent protein and dTomato fused to the promoters of mtdA and mpdA, respectively, demonstrated that expression of mpdA occurs in vegetative hyphae while mtdA expression occurs in conidiospores. Activity assays for MtdA and MpdA confirmed the expression data, indicating that streaming of these proteins is not likely to occur. These results confirm the absence of the putative mannitol cycle in A. niger as two of the enzymes of the cycle are not present in the same part of A. niger colonies. The results also demonstrate the existence of spore-specific genes and enzymes in A. niger.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1398-1402
    Number of pages5
    JournalEukaryotic Cell
    Volume9
    Issue number9
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Sept 2010

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