Synthesis and optical power limiting properties of heteroleptic Mo<sub>3</sub>S<sub>7</sub> clusters

David Recatala, Rosa Llusar, Adam Barlow, Genmiao Wang, Marek Samoc, Mark G. Humphrey, Artem L. Guschin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Substitution of the halide ligands in (Bu4N)(2)[Mo3S7X6] (X = Cl, Br) by diimine ligands, such as 4,4'-dimethyl-2,2'-bipyridine (dmbpy), 2,2'-bipyridine (bpy) and 1,10-phenanthroline (phen), affords the neutral heteroleptic clusters Mo3S7Cl4(dmbpy) (1), Mo3S7Br4(dmbpy) (2), Mo3S7Br4(bpy) (3), and Mo3S7Br4-(phen) (4). Further substitution of the halide ligands in Mo3S7Br4(diimine) clusters by dmit (1,3-dithiole-2-thione-4,5-dithiolate) allows the preparation of the mixed diimine-dithiolene neutral cluster complexes Mo3S7(dnbpy)(dmit)(2) (5, dnbpy = 4,4'-dinonyl-2,2'-bipyridine), Mo3S7(dcmbpy)(dmit)(2) (6, dcmbpy = 4,4'-dimethoxycarbonyl- 2,2'-bipyridine), and Mo3S7(dcbpy)(dmit)(2) (7, dcbpy = 2,2'-bipyridine-4,4'-dicarboxylic acid). The optical limiting properties of complexes 1-7 have been assessed by the open-aperture Z-scan technique at 570 nm, employing a nanosecond optical parametric oscillator. In order to investigate the effect of increasing the pi-system, complexes 1-4, with the general formula Mo3S7X4(diimine), (X = Cl, Br), were compared to clusters 5-7, containing the dmit ligand. The influence of the metal content on the optical power limiting properties was also investigated by comparing the trinuclear series of complexes prepared herein with the bis(dithiolene) dinuclear cluster (Et4N)(2)[Mo2O2S2(BPyDTS2)(2)], which has been recently prepared by our group. All trinuclear clusters 1-7 are efficient optical limiters (sigma(eff) > sigma o) with the threshold limiting fluence F-15% decreasing on proceeding from dinuclear to trinuclear clusters and, generally, on extending the pi-system.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13163-13172
Number of pages10
JournalDalton Transactions
Issue number29
Publication statusPublished - 2015


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