The Epidemiology and Burden of Childhood Chronic Pancreatitis in South Australia

Tristan J. Bampton*, Richard Couper, Sanjeev Khurana, David Moore, Alex Brown, Chris Drogemuller, Denghao Wu, John Chen, P. T. Coates, Lyle J. Palmer

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To assess longitudinal, population-based data on the prevalence and impact of chronic pancreatitis in children. Study design: Administrative data linkage was used to ascertain an index cohort consisting of all individuals who had an initial diagnosis of chronic pancreatitis before age 19 years in the South Australian public hospital system between June 2000 and June 2019. Age- and sex-matched controls were drawn from the general population of South Australia, children with type 1 diabetes, and children with type 2 diabetes. Main outcomes and measures included hospital visits, days in hospital, emergency department (ED) visits, intensive care unit (ICU) admissions, education comparators, and incidence and prevalence estimates. Results: A total of 73 incident cases were identified. The crude prevalence and incidence of pediatric chronic pancreatitis were estimated at 6.8/100 000 and 0.98/100 000 per year, respectively. Of the index cohort, 24 cases (32.8%) of pediatric chronic pancreatitis were identified as occurring in children of Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander descent. Compared with matched general population controls, children with chronic pancreatitis averaged 11-fold more hospital visits, 5-fold more ED visits, and 9-fold more ICU admissions; spent 10-fold more days in the hospital; and had a 2-fold higher rate of absence from school (P < .001 for all). Similarly, children with chronic pancreatitis used substantially more health resources than children with type 1 or 2 diabetes. Conclusions: Pediatric patients with chronic pancreatitis consume a high volume of public health services and are significantly impacted in their ability to engage in education.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)93-98.e1
JournalJournal of Pediatrics
Volume242
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2022
Externally publishedYes

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