The Impact of Immigration: Comparing Two Global Eras

Timothy J. Hatton*, Jeffrey G. Williamson

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    21 Citations (Scopus)


    This paper asks whether history can inform modern debate about immigration's impact on high wage economies. It examines the relationship between migration's labor market impact and capital flows before 1914, the first global era. It then assesses the effects of immigration on wages and employment with and without international capital mobility today, in the second global era. It then explores the links between these economic relationships, welfare burdens, and immigration policy. It concludes with an explanation for the apparent difference in immigration's impact in the two global eras, and thus on policy.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)345-361
    Number of pages17
    JournalWorld Development
    Issue number3
    Publication statusPublished - Mar 2008


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