The Impact of Mobile Ions on the Steady-State Performance of Perovskite Solar Cells

Nandi Wu, Daniel Walter, Andreas Fell, Yiliang Wu, Klaus Weber*

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    13 Citations (Scopus)


    Mobile ions in perovskite solar cells induce many unique transient phenomena, while their influence under steady state, the primary operating condition, has received little attention. Therefore, in this work, we employ ionic-drift diffusion models to assess how the steady-state distribution of mobile ions affects the photogenerated carrier collection and their redistribution due to dopants and energy band alignment. We demonstrate that mobile ions can transform the carrier transport mechanism from a combination of drift and diffusion to transport by diffusion only, which only impacts the device efficiency if the carrier mobility-lifetime product is limited due to increased transport losses and changed recombination dynamics. A high concentration of dopants is also required in perovskite devices for such doping to have a measurable impact, while the energy alignment of the transport layers, on the other hand, can in principle result in a doping-like effect, which generally causes adverse consequences for cell efficiency.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)219-229
    Number of pages11
    JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - 9 Jan 2020


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