The imprint of clump formation at high redshift - I. A disc α-abundance dichotomy

Adam J. Clarke, Victor P. Debattista, David L. Nidever, Sarah R. Loebman, Raymond C. Simons, Susan Kassin, Min Du, Melissa Ness, Deanne B. Fisher, Thomas R. Quinn, James Wadsley, Ken C. Freeman, Cristina C. Popescu

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    84 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The disc structure of the Milky Way is marked by a chemical dichotomy, with high-α and low-α abundance sequences, traditionally identified with the geometric thick and thin discs. This identification is aided by the old ages of the high-α stars, and lower average ages of the low-α ones. Recent large-scale surveys such as APOGEE have provided a wealth of data on this chemical structure, including showing that an identification of chemical and geometric thick discs is not exact, but the origin of the chemical dichotomy has remained unclear. Here we demonstrate that a dichotomy arises naturally if the early gas-rich disc fragments, leading to some fraction of the star formation occuring in clumps of the type observed in high-redshift galaxies. These clumps have high star formation rate density. They therefore enrich rapidly, moving from the low-α to the high-α sequence, while more distributed star formation produces the low-α sequence. We demonstrate that this model produces a chemically defined thick disc that has many of the properties of the Milky Way's thick disc. Because clump formation is common in high-redshift galaxies, we predict that chemical bimodalities are common in massive galaxies.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)3476-3490
    Number of pages15
    JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
    Volume484
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 11 Apr 2019

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