The synthesis and crystal structure of CaAlFSiO4, the Al-F analog of titanite

Ulrike Troitzsch*, David J. Ellis

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    24 Citations (Scopus)


    Aluminum-rich titanites [Ca(Ti,Al)(O,F)SiO4] with X(Al) > 0.53 [X(Al)=Al/(Al+Ti)], including the pure end-member CaAlFSiO4, were synthesized for the first time in a high-pressure experimental study. The crystal structure of CaAlFSiO4 was determined by Rietveld analysis of an X-ray powder diffraction pattern. CaAlFSiO4 is monoclinic, belongs to the space group A2/a, and has the unit-cell dimensions a = 6.9149(2) Å, b = 8.5064(1) Å, c = 6.4384(2) Å, and β = 114.684(2)°. The unit-cell volume is less than 93% of CaTiOSiO4, which is consistent with the natural occurrence of Al-rich titanite in high-P rocks. Although previous studies suggested that titanite with X(Al) > 0.5 is possibly not stable, this study demonstrates that complete solid solution occurs between CaTiOSiO4 and CaAlFSiO4. The similarity of the crystal structures of titanite and CaAlFSiO4 explains why in natural Al-rich titanite the end-member CaAlFSiO4 generally dominates over the hypothetical end-member CaAlOHSiO4, which under geological conditions is stable in a different crystal structure.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1162-1169
    Number of pages8
    JournalAmerican Mineralogist
    Issue number7-8
    Publication statusPublished - 1999


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