The value of natural and social capital in our current full world and in a sustainable and desirable future

Robert Costanza*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ecosystem services are the benefits people obtain from ecosystems. These include provisioning services, such as food and water; regulating services, such as regulation of floods, drought, and disease; supporting services, such as soil formation and nutrient cycling; and cultural services, such as recreational, spiritual, and other nonmaterial benefits. These benefits may or may not be fully perceived by people. Most are outside the market exchange system and are best thought of and managed as public goods (the commons). Ecosystems are experiencing serious degradation in regard to their capability of providing services. At the same time, the demand for ecosystem services is rapidly increasing as populations and standards of living increase.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSustainability Science
Subtitle of host publicationThe Emerging Paradigm and the Urban Environment
PublisherSpringer New York
Pages99-109
Number of pages11
Volume9781461431886
ISBN (Electronic)9781461431886
ISBN (Print)1461431875, 9781461431879
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2012
Externally publishedYes

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