Turbulence profiling using extended objects for Slope Detection and Ranging (SLODAR)

Andrew Lambert*, Charles Jenkins, Michael Goodwin

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

    7 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    We have investigated seasonal turbulence variation with altitude above the Siding Spring Observatory using the 24" telescope facility and interchangeable SCIDAR (Scintillation Detection and Ranging) and SLODAR (Slope Detection and Ranging) techniques. The latter proposed by Wilson5 triangulates the correlations through image motion of and between images of binary stars when imaged through multiple sub-pupils in a Shack-Hartmann configuration, so to determine the CN2(h) profile as a function of height above the telescope, and temporal evolution from subsequent short exposure, fast frame rate images. The simplicity of SLODAR pertains to the lack of restriction in coherence or fringe visibility (scintillation index) that underlies the SCIDAR technique, and that the available light is divided into N sub-pupils to be condensed to speckle star images, rather than spread across the full imaging array. However, with the like of f18 telescope being reduced in each sub-pupil to f60, using a 1-4 ms exposure intensified imager, we are still limited to magnitude 5-7 star pairs, of which there are precious few, and their associated angular separations limit the altitude resolution of the technique accordingly. To overcome some of these restrictions we have obtained data, and propose methods to process such, using the Galilean satellites of Jupiter (each mag 5-6), which change separation over the observing cluster of nights, and hence offer a changeable altitude sampling. These are unresolvable in the sub-pupil imaging system, but suffer less from the speckling effects of a scintillated point source. We present results to reinforce these premises.

    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationImage Reconstruction from Incomplete Data IV
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2006
    EventImage Reconstruction from Incomplete Data IV - San Diego, CA, United States
    Duration: 14 Aug 200615 Aug 2006

    Publication series

    NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
    Volume6316
    ISSN (Print)0277-786X

    Conference

    ConferenceImage Reconstruction from Incomplete Data IV
    Country/TerritoryUnited States
    CitySan Diego, CA
    Period14/08/0615/08/06

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