Ultranarrow Optical Inhomogeneous Linewidth in a Stoichiometric Rare-Earth Crystal

R. L. Ahlefeldt, M. R. Hush, M. J. Sellars

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    46 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    We obtain a low optical inhomogeneous linewidth of 25 MHz in the stoichiometric rare-earth crystal EuCl3·6H2O by isotopically purifying the crystal in Cl35. With this linewidth, an important limit for stoichiometric rare-earth crystals is surpassed: the hyperfine structure of Eu153 is spectrally resolved, allowing the whole population of Eu1533+ ions to be prepared in the same hyperfine state using hole-burning techniques. This material also has a very high optical density, and can have long coherence times when deuterated. This combination of properties offers new prospects for quantum information applications. We consider two of these: quantum memories and quantum many-body studies. We detail the improvements in the performance of current memory protocols possible in these high optical depth crystals, and describe how certain memory protocols, such as off-resonant Raman memories, can be implemented for the first time in a solid-state system. We explain how the strong excitation-induced interactions observed in this material resemble those seen in Rydberg systems, and describe how these interactions can lead to quantum many-body states that could be observed using standard optical spectroscopy techniques.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number250504
    JournalPhysical Review Letters
    Volume117
    Issue number25
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 15 Dec 2016

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