What do we measure by co-authorships?

Grit Laudel*

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    302 Citations (Scopus)


    Interviews with scientists about the content and reward of collaborations, and classification of contributions of co-authors and scientists cited in acknowledgements, identified six types of research collaborations with distinct patterns of rewards; showed that about half of the collaborations are invisible in formal communication channels because they are not rewarded; and showed that about one third of the collaborations are rewarded only by acknowledgements.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)3-15
    Number of pages13
    JournalResearch Evaluation
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - Apr 2002


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