Zinc Titanate Nanoarrays with Superior Optoelectrochemical Properties for Chemical Sensing

Syed Sulthan Alaudeen Abdul Haroon Rashid, Ylias M. Sabri*, Ahmad E. Kandjani, Christopher J. Harrison, Ram Kumar Canjeevaram Balasubramanyam, Enrico Della Gaspera, Matthew R. Field, Suresh K. Bhargava, Antonio Tricoli, Wojtek Wlodarski, Samuel J. Ippolito

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    21 Citations (Scopus)


    In this report, the gas sensing performance of zinc titanate (ZnTiO3) nanoarrays (NAs) synthesized by coating hydrothermally formed zinc oxide (ZnO) NAs with TiO2 using low-temperature chemical vapor deposition is presented. By controlling the annealing temperature, diffusion of ZnO into TiO2 forms a mixed oxide of ZnTiO3 NAs. The uniformity and the electrical properties of ZnTiO3 NAs made them ideal for light-activated acetone gas sensing applications for which such materials are not well studied. The acetone sensing performance of the ZnTiO3 NAs is tested by biasing the sensor with voltages from 0.1 to 9 V dc in an amperometric mode. An increase in the applied bias was found to increase the sensitivity of the device toward acetone under photoinduced and nonphotoinduced (dark) conditions. When illuminated with 365 nm UV light, the sensitivity was observed to increase by 3.4 times toward 12.5 ppm acetone at 350 °C with an applied bias of 9 V, as compared to dark conditions. The sensor was also observed to have significantly reduced the adsorption time, desorption time, and limit of detection (LoD) when excited by the light source. For example, LoD of the sensor in the dark and under UV light at 350 °C with a 9 V bias is found to be 80 and 10 ppb, respectively. The described approach also enabled acetone sensing at an operating temperature down to 45 °C with a repeatability of >99% and a LoD of 90 ppb when operated under light, thus indicating that the ZnTiO3 NAs are a promising material for low concentration acetone gas sensing applications.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)29255-29267
    Number of pages13
    JournalACS applied materials & interfaces
    Issue number32
    Publication statusPublished - 14 Aug 2019


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